The Story of Louis Guertin dit Le Sabotier

The Story of Louis Guertin dit Le Sabotier - Part Two

If you've missed Part One, start here.

The following traces a quasi-chronological listing of items. So if a date in one line is 1660, followed by a undated statement, then another dated, one can assume the order is (roughly) correct.

Update: October 1997-2000


The Story of Louis Guertin dit Le Sabotier

Three years after his arrival Louis was granted a piece of property by M. de Maisonneuve on the 10 December 1656. This land was 2 arpents along the riverfront by 15 arpents deep. It would be bounded by the present-day Dorion and Papineau Streets, with the depth ending between Logan and de Montigny Streets.

From "La Grande Recrue de 1653" we find out that Louis was a "Concessionnaire de Villemarie le 10 décembre 1656". (Georges Christman informs us "Concessionnaire" means "Landholder"; others may have pointed this out to me as well, but Georges email made me jump on changing it.)

Jean Oliver signed a "reconnaissance" for him the 6th of February 1658 and Pierre Gadois leased him a cow the 9th of December 1660. I have inklings of what the former is but will hold off for now, and the latter is fairly self-explanatory. (Georges Christman also informs us reconnaissance "is a Promissory note in other words an I.O.U.")

Again, according to this reference, he entered into a contract to marry before Notary Public Basset on the 6 October 1659. (This was a common undertaking.) His wife to be was, Marie Madeleine Elisabeth Le Camus, daughter of Pierre and Jeanne Charas (or Charles), of St-Sauveur de Paris. Pierre is described as either a doctor or merchant (perhaps both?).

Let me put in an aside here: These people were pretty strict Catholics and most of the children born to them were automatically going to be named "Marie" something or other. It can get confusing when families get up to 10 and 12 children, and researchers 300 years after the facts try to nail down genealogies.

Elisabeth Le Camus arrived in Canada with the second "Recrue" of 1659 at the end of September (29th); so at age 14, she had already made a contract to marry within 6 to 10 days! "La Grande Recrue" states they were married on the 26 January 1659 in the parish of Notre Dame de Montréal, which is obviously a mistake and the marriage date is elsewhere reported as 26 October 1659. So they married less than a month after she arrived in Canada.

Louis was enrolled in the "milice de la sainte-Famille" as a soldier in the 19th Squadron (Squad). Maisonneuve had formed the militias in 1663 to organize against the Iroquois attacks. The militia was made up of 20 such squads. The 19th contained:

Jean Valliquet dit Laverdure (Caporal)

Urbain Jetté

Jacques Delaporte dit Sainte-Georges

Pierre Gaudin dit Chastillon

Louis Gueretin dit Lesabotier

Simon Despres dit Berry

René Fillastreault

Census of 1666

This census states Louis was 31 years old and a habitant, and Elisabeth was 21. It also shows his neighbours as being Pierre Dardenne and Marin Hurtubise. His children are listed as "Elisabeth 5, Marie 4, Catherine 2."

Census of 1667

This census includes the following: 4 beats (beasts) and 14 arpents in value.

In 1673, he is shown as being taxed "deux livres" on the tax roll of Montreal.

On the 19 August 1678, Louis was called as a witness against Valiquet dit Laverdure, who was accused of cutting the wheat in the Seigneurs meadows without permission. This guy deserves a story in himself when I get around to it, plus he was Louis' Corporal in the Militia!

Elisabeth died and was buried on July 20, 1680.

Census of 1681

The 1681 Census has Louis at age 50,and his children Catherine 17, Louis 14, Madeleine 12, Pierre 9, Eustache 8, Angelique 6, Francois 3, and Paul 1. He owns 1 gun, 3 "horned beasts" (cattle or oxen?), and 30 arpents in value. By this time three other daughters had already married and left the home.

Marie Elisabeth married at 12 years old in 1673 to Eustache Prevost, Marie married at 13 in 1675 to Pierre Handgrave, and Marie married at 13 in 1679 to Jean Sauviot.

Without knowing the actual documents quoted here, it seems that Louis struggled as best he could but had to resort to leasing his land, and loans to keep going. When he died in 1687, his youngest child Paul would have only been seven, but the eldest daughter was 28 or so, so some of the legal documents dealing with the minors may show they went to live with siblings.

TO BE CONTINUED


Copyright © 1997=2000 by Dennis Guertin. All rights reserved.